caccia p 47 thunderbolt

Lake, Jon. The latter was a lightweight aircraft powered by the Allison V-1710 liquid-cooled V-12 engine and armed with two .50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine guns mounted in the nose and four .30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine guns mounted in the wings. Il P 47 Thunderbolt è un caccia monoplano monomotore ad ala bassa, carrello retrattile e motore raffreddato ad aria. Later was received the code 7+9 while under evaluation at, 85 units 1st Brazilian Fighter Group, 1944–1954. The Cuban Air Force took delivery of 29 ex-USAF airframes and spares. He was shot down and killed over Wewak in March 1944. The turbosupercharger in the P-47 gave the powerplant its maximum power at 27,000 ft (8,200 m) and, in the thin air above 30,000 ft (9,100 m), the Thunderbolt remained fast and nimble compared to other aircraft. It was recaptured in Göttingen in 1944 when the Germans were forced to make a rapid withdrawal to. The P-47 was one of the main United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) fighters of World War II, and also served with other Allied air forces, including those of France, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union. Page 4 illustration of M10 triple-tube launcher, "USAAF at War (1942-45): Audiobook CD on CD41 label. "Thunderbolt's Own Back Yard!" P-47 pilots frequently carried two 500 lb (230 kg) bombs, using skip bombing techniques for difficult targets (skipping bombs into railroad tunnels to destroy hidden enemy trains was a favorite tactic). (5,262 kg) which was more than twice the weight of its contemporaries such as the. The canopy doors hinged upward. P-47 Thunderbolt er et amerikansk jagerfly, bygget af Republic.. P-47 Thunderbolt er et af de mest kendte og mest robuste amerikanske fly fra 2. verdenskrig, hvor det blev anvendt af US Army Air Forces og RAF som jagerfly og jagerbomber.. P-47 Thunderbolt blev bl.a. When we strapped into a Spitfire we felt snug and part of the aircraft—the Thunderbolt cockpit, on the other hand, was so large that we felt if we slipped off the goddamned seat we would break a leg! Any plane that attempted to break off contact by going into a dive would soon be overcome by the remarkable speed of the P-47. At full power, the pipes glowed red at their forward ends and the turbine spun at 21,300 rpm. In January 1943, when the USAAF's 56th Fighter Group arrived in the United Kingdom with its massive Republic P-47 Thunderbolts, RAF [76] The film Fighter Squadron (1948) depicts a P-47 Thunderbolt unit.[77]. The Czech composer Bohuslav Martinu, while in residence in the US wrote an orchestral scherzo in 1945 entitled P-47 Thunderbolt (H 309) in tribute to the aircraft and its role in World War II. The first tasks of the Thunderbolt were high-altitude escort duties and fighter sweeps in which the new aircraft acquitted itself well, despite the inexperience of its pilots. Republic P-47 Thunderbolt The Seven Ton Milk Jug More photos P-47 of the 325th Fighter Group 345th Fighter Squadron, 350th Fighter Group, 12th Air Force. [45] The adoption of the triple-tube M10 rocket launcher[46] with M8 high-explosive 4.5 in (110 mm) rockets (each with an explosive force similar to a 105 mm artillery shell)—much as the RAF's Hawker Typhoon gained when first fitted with its own two quartets of underwing RP-3 rockets for the same purposes—significantly increased the P-47's ground attack capability. Republic tried to improve the design, proposing the XP-47A but this failed. Before the war was over, a total of 15,579 Thunderbolts were built, about two-thirds of which reached operational squadrons overseas. It was huge—the wing tip of the P-47 came higher than the cockpit of the Spitfire. In the spring of 1940, Republic and the USAAC concluded that the XP-44 and the XP-47 were inferior to Luftwaffe fighters. [32] The fighters were assigned to high-altitude air defense over major cities in rear areas. [citation needed], P-47s were operated by several Allied air arms during World War II. The Republic P-47 was the successor of a line of airplanes derived from the Seversky P-35, the XP-41, P-43 Lancer and XP-44 Rocket.The P-47 design team headed by Alexander Kartveli, Republic Aircraft Corporation's chief engineer, originally presented a design that was to be powered by a 1,150 hp Allison V-1710-39 engine with an armament of only two 0.50 caliber inch machine guns. With increases in fuel capacity as the type was refined, the range of escort missions over Europe steadily increased until the P-47 was able to accompany bombers in raids all the way into Germany. In the post-war era one Air National Guard Thunderbolt plowed into the second story of a factory, shearing off its wings, with the crumpled fuselage eventually coming to rest inside the building; the pilot walked away alive.[75]. The loss of the AP-4 prototype to an engine fire ended Kartveli's experiments with tight-fitting cowlings, so the engine was placed in a broad cowling that opened at the front in a "horse collar"-shaped ellipse. He planned to use the new 2,000 hp, All these features were costly in weight and the airplane would have a take-off weight of 11,600 lb. Nevertheless, the stability, payload and high speed were appreciated. [33], After World War II, the Chinese Nationalist Air Force received 102 P-47Ds used during the Chinese Civil War. One of the deadliest ground-attack platforms of World War II, the P-47 Thunderbolt saw extensive action in the European, Pacific and China-Burma-India theaters of operation. Due to continued postwar service with U.S. military and foreign operators, a number of P-47s have survived to the present day, and a few are still flying. The P-47 gradually became the USAAF's primary fighter-bomber, by late 1943, early versions of the P-47D carrying 500 lb (230 kg) bombs underneath their bellies, mid production versions of the P-47D could carry 1,000 lb (450 kg) bombs and M8 4.5 in (115 mm) rockets under their wings or from the last version of the P-47D in 1944, 5 in (130 mm) High velocity aircraft rockets (HVARs, also known as "Holy Moses"). (The XP-44 Rocket was based on the P-43 Lancer airframe with a radial engine and never made it past the mock-up stage.) He found it easy to fly and stable upon take-off and landing, but it showed excessive rolling stability and poor directional stability. A típust repülő pilóták több becenévvel illették. It was armed with an impressive eight .50-caliber machine guns with 425 rounds per gun. She was a dream to handle in the air. P47D 460th Fighter squadron Philippines 1944, P47N 437th fighter squadron Iwo Jima 1945, P47D Groupe de chasse III/3 Ardennes 1944, Broadcast radio interviews of several wartime P-47 pilots appear on the CD audiobook USAAF at War 1942–45, including an account by Lieutenant J.K. Dowling of ground support operations around Cherbourg in June 1944, and a group of four pilots from the 362nd Fighter Wing (Ninth Air Force) in conversation at their mess in Rouvres, France on 24 December 1944 during the Battle of the Bulge.[73]. Initial response to the P-47 praised its dive speed and high-altitude performance while criticizing its turning performance and rate of climb (particularly at low-to-medium altitudes). [Note 4] Two Fighter Groups already stationed in England began introducing the Jugs in January 1943: the Spitfire-flying 4th Fighter Group, a unit built around a core of experienced American pilots who had flown in the RAF Eagle Squadrons prior to the US entry in the war; and the 78th Fighter Group, formerly flying P-38 Lightnings. The men of the 9th fly P.47 Thunderbolt aircraft in anti-tank missions against German forces in Normandy. However, they were not well liked, as the Italian pilots were used to much lighter aircraft and found the controls too heavy. American aerospace company Republic Aviation from 1941 through 1945. P-47s were used extensively in aerial clashes over the Taiwan Strait between Nationalist and Communist aircraft. The P-47 Thunderbolt was designed by Alexander Kartveli, a man of Georgian descent. ", "Republic P-47D-30-RA Thunderbolt (Long Description).". Jul 14, 2017 - reference for model kit. In 1948, the Chinese Nationalists employed 70 P-47Ds and 42 P-47Ns brought to Taiwan in 1952. The P-47 Thunderbolt, nicknamed the Jug, served the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) in World War II with distinction. With its high service ceiling, the P-47 was superior to fighters operating on the Eastern front, yielding a higher speed above 30,000 feet (9,100 m). It was huge; the British pilots joked that a Thunderbolt pilot could defend himself from a Luftwaffe fighter by running around and hiding in the fuselage. Exhaust gases were piped back separately to the turbine and expelled through the turbine exhaust duct in the bottom of the fuselage. The P-47 was one of the toughest planes in use in World War 2, and this side-scrolling shoot 'em up puts you in control of one as you take on hordes of Nazis. ", Unbreakable World War II aircraft that were shot to hell—and came back. However, the P-51D was available in greater numbers in the USAF and ANG inventories.[25]. The P-47D-15-RE Thunderbolt on top, was the first version to have underwing pylons to use droppable fuel tanks. P-47s served as spotters for rescue aircraft such as the OA-10 Catalina and Boeing B-17H. Allison V-1710-39 "Pushing The Envelope With Test Pilot Herb Fisher". in our nimble Spitfire Vs—now this lumbering seven-ton squadron/signal publications - N°1067 - 1984 ISBN 0-89747-161-X The RAF received 240 razorback P-47Ds which they designated "Thunderbolt Mark I", and 590 bubbletop P-47D-25s, designated "Thunderbolt Mark IIs". [11], The XP-47B first flew on 6 May 1941 with Lowry P. Brabham at the controls. The final version, the P-47N, was built primarily for use against the Japanese in the Pacific theater. Also one would have to wonder how this airspeed was calculated since the early P-47 airspeed indicators only went up to 500 mph. It was lost in an accident on 8 August 1942 but before that mishap, the prototype had achieved a level speed of 412 mph (663 km/h) at 25,800 ft (7,900 m) altitude and had demonstrated a climb from sea level to 15,000 ft (4,600 m) in five minutes.[12]. During the Italian campaign, the "1º Grupo de Caça da Força Aérea Brasileira" (Brazilian Air Force 1st Fighter Squadron) flew a total of 48 P-47Ds in combat (of a total of 67 received, 19 of which were backup aircraft). • Armament of six .50 caliber machine guns, preferably eight. colleagues would be able to take evasive action, when attacked by undoing their harnesses and dodging about the fuselages of their huge mounts. Kartveli then designed a much larger fighter, which was offered to the USAAC in June 1940. The principle behind a supercharger is that the exhaust gas is directed to a turbine that has a shared axle with a centrifugal impeller. These machines were delivered between 1947 and 1950. [31] In mid-1943, the Soviet high command showed an interest in the P-47B. In 1950, P-47 Thunderbolts were used to suppress the declaration of independence in Puerto Rico by nationalists during the Jayuya Uprising. All eight guns gave the fighter a combined rate of fire of approximately 100 rounds per second. The first P-47 combat mission took place 10 March 1943 when the 4th FG took their aircraft on a fighter sweep over France. The P-47 was designed around the powerful Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp 18-cylinder radial engine, which also powered two U.S. Navy/U.S. So, reluctantly, we had to This allows the engine to deliver more power as the airplane gains altitude in the thinner air of the upper atmosphere. Although the Thunderbolt was certainly big, making it the largest and heaviest WWII single engined single-seat fighter ever built, its sheer size was not to prove detrimental to the Thunderbolt's subsequent operational career. It certainly can't climb. Post-war RAF Thunderbolts were used in support of the Dutch attempts to reassert control of Batavia. The guns were staggered to allow feeding from side-by-side ammunition boxes, each with 350 rounds. Nakajima Ki44-II Hei Hasegawa The P-47 Thunderbolt was a World War II fighter aircraft built by Republic Aviation from 1941 to 1945. The armored cockpit was relatively roomy and comfortable and the bubble canopy introduced on the P-47D offered good visibility. To reduce the size and weight of the undercarriage struts and so that wing-mounted machine guns could be fitted, each strut was fitted with a mechanism by which it telescoped out 9 in (23 cm) while they extended. The P-47 Thunderbolt is Extremely Durable Lieutenant Q Aanenson, a member of the American 9th Airforce, returns his plane to base with a collapsed undercarriage after being hit by flak, 26th August 1944. It's one main shortcoming was that of insufficient range to permit deep penetration into Germany, but means were already being sought to add to the P-47B's 305 US gallons of internal fuel. To clarify this, the airspeed indicated was the equivalent of 725 mph, so the indicated airspeed would be calculated by engineering on the ground. The North American P-51 Mustang was used by the USAF, mainly in the close air support role. By the late 1950s the P-47 was considered obsolete but were well suited for COIN tasks. Although there were minor problems, such as some cockpit smoke that turned out to be due to an oil drip, the aircraft proved impressive in its early trials. The first P-47 air combat took place 15 April with Major Don Blakeslee of the 4th FG scoring the Thunderbolt's first air victory (against a Focke-Wulf Fw 190). The conventional three-bladed propeller could not efficiently utilize the power of the new engine, and a four-bladed propeller was adopted. Long range fuel tanks[26] gave five hours of endurance. Numerous other problems were to be faced in absorbing the loads and stresses which would be imposed when a battery of eight 0.50 caliber guns, (a phenomenal heavy armament for that time) were fired simultaneously, and in The cowling admitted cooling air for the engine, left and right oil coolers, and the turbosupercharger intercooler system. Those squadrons not disbanded outright after the war re-equipped with British-built aircraft such as the Hawker Tempest.[27]. Once the P-47 caught up to its prey, one burst from its eight 0.50 machine guns would obliterate anything it got a bead on. If a conventional undercarriage were to be employed, its suspension would have been too far outboard to permit the wing installation of the guns and ammunition Test pilot Aleksey N. Grinchik noted the spacious cockpit with good ventilation and a good all-around view. Spitfires and convert to the new juggernauts. One day in January 1943, General Hunter, the Commander of the 8th Fighter Command, came to visit us at Debden. France, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, Mexico and Brazil also operated the P-47. The fastest model was the XP-47J, which did not go into production. We were soon to re-equip with the very latest American fighter, the P-47 Thunderbolt. "P-47 Thunderbolt Part 1: Early development and combat in the ETO". Even with its complicated turbosupercharger system, its sturdy airframe and tough radial engine could absorb a lot of damage and still return home. The turbosupercharger in the P-47 gave the powerplant its maximum power at 27,000 ft (8,230 m), and in the thin air above 30,0… Therefore, Kartveli had to design a telescopic landing gear which was nine inches shorter retracted, than when extended. The arrival of the new Curtiss paddle blade propeller significantly increased climb rate at lower altitudes and came as a surprise to German pilots who had resorted to steep climbs to evade pursuit by the P-47. The P-47's initial success in combat was primarily due to tactics, using rolls (the P-47 had an excellent roll rate) and energy-saving dive and zoom climbs from high altitude to outmaneuver German fighters. In 1939, Republic Aviation designed the AP-4 demonstrator powered by a Pratt & Whitney R-1830 radial engine with a … The P-47 Thunderbolt, nicknamed the Jug, served the United States Army Air Corps (USAAF) in World War II, and 15,636 were built between 1941 and 1945. The large P-47 Thunderbolt turbo-supercharger was stowed internally in the rear fuselage, with a large air intake duct mounted under the engine, together with the engine oil coolers. Both the Bf 109 and Fw 190 could, like the Spitfire, out-turn and out-climb the early model P-47s at low-to-medium altitude. P-47 pilots claimed 20 Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighters and four Arado Ar 234 jet bombers in aerial combat. "First Analysis of the Thunderbolt. In spite of its early shortcomings, the P-47 at least showed promise as a measure of real protection for Allied bombers which had previously suffered very heavy losses. From March 1945 to the end of the war in the Pacific—as Mexico had declared war on the Axis on May 22, 1942—the Mexican Escuadrón Aéreo de Pelea 201 (201st Fighter Squadron) operated P-47Ds as part of the U.S. 5th Air Force in the Philippines. She was such a gentle little airplane, without a trace of viciousness. All P-47s were refitted with British radios, and missions resumed 8 April. With the end of World War II, orders for 5,934 were cancelled. Panzer IV vs Sherman: France 1944 by Steven Zaloga, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 18:41. Other media include Thunderbolt, a 1947 color documentary film directed by John Sturges and William Wyler, featuring James Stewart and Lloyd Bridges and narrated by Robert Lowery. [16] Although the North American P-51 Mustang replaced the P-47 in the long-range escort role in Europe, the Thunderbolt still ended the war with 3,752 air-to-air kills claimed in over 746,000 sorties of all types, at the cost of 3,499 P-47s to all causes in combat. Republic P-47 Thunderbolt (lempiniminä ”T-bolt”, ”Jug” ’ruukku, tonkka’ tai ”Juggernaut”) oli yhdysvaltalainen, toisen maailmansodan aikainen yksimoottorinen ja -paikkainen hävittäjälentokone.Venäläis-amerikkalaisten Alexander de Severskyn ja Alexander Kartvelin suunnittelema yksinkertainen ja vahvarakenteinen kone saattoi saavuttaa syöksyissä lähes … The P-47 Thunderbolt was the subject of an episode of the World's Deadliest Aircraft series broadcast by the Military Channel. P-47D Thunderbolt "Hairless Joe" Camo 1500mm (59") Wingspan - ARF from Nexa - NXA1002-001. A Republic P-47 Thunderbolt (magyarul Villámcsapás) amerikai vadászrepülőgép volt a második világháború során. Gradually, we learned how to fight in the Thunderbolt. Its primary armament was eight .50-caliber machine guns, and in the fighter-bomber ground-attack role it could carry five-inch rockets or a bomb load of 2,500 lb (1,100 kg). P-47 Thunderbolt (5) 15min 2010 13+ The Thunderbolt was one of the heaviest (10,000 pounds empty), but one of the fastest (433 mph) planes of WWII, and could climb up to 41,000 feet. Some P-47 pilots claimed to have broken the sound barrier, but later research revealed that because of the pressure buildup inside the pitot tube at high speeds, airspeed readings became unpredictably exaggerated. As the P-47 Thunderbolt worked up to operational status, it gained a nickname: the "Jug" (because its profile was similar to that of a common milk jug of the time). In 791 sorties against Japanese forces, the 201st lost no pilots or aircraft to enemy action.[29]. Marine Corps fighters, the Grumman F6F Hellcat and the Vought F4U Corsair. • Armor plating to protect the pilot. Luftwaffe ace Heinz Bär said that the P-47 "could absorb an astounding amount of lead [from shooting at it] and had to be handled very carefully". After World War II, the Italian Air Force (AMI) received 75 P-47D-25s sent to 5˚ Stormo, and 99 to the 51˚. [22] During Operation Cobra, in the vicinity of Roncey, P-47 Thunderbolts of the 405th Fighter group destroyed a German column of 122 tanks, 259 other vehicles, and 11 artillery pieces.[23]. The unit claimed 677.5 air victories and 311 ground kills, at the cost of 128 aircraft. The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt was a World War II-era fighter-bomber aircraft produced by the United States. However, the P-47B's range was not adequate for escort duties and its maneuverability at low and medium altitude was poor. 0.50 caliber inch machine guns.1 A contract was awarded by the USAAC in November 1939, and for an even lighter XP-47A, but as intelligence was coming back from the war in Europe, it was becoming apparent that the performance goals of the XP-47 program were already inadequate. Only 0.7 per cent of the fighters of this type dispatched against the enemy were lost in combat. The Chinese Communists captured five P-47Ds from the Chinese Nationalist forces. On the way back from the raids, pilots shot up ground targets of opportunity, and also used belly shackles to carry bombs on short-range missions, which led to the realization that the P-47 could perform a dual-function on escort missions as a fighter-bomber. The P-47 Thunderbolt, nicknamed the Jug, served the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) in World War II with distinction. It was to replace the Seversky P-35 developed earlier by a Russian immigrant named Alexander P. de Seversky. They appreciated the high production standards and rational design well-suited to mass production, and the high reliability of the hard-hitting Browning machine guns. The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, or "Jug" as it was known, was one of the main US Army Air Force (USAAF) fighters of World War II.The P-47 was a big, rugged, overbuilt aircraft that was effective in air combat but proved particularly useful as a fighter-bomber. [Note 1]. Il progetto del Thunderbolt cominciò nel 1939, quando gli Stati Uniti erano ancora spettatori della guerra inizialmente confinata in Europa. When fully loaded, the P-47 weighed up to eight tons, making it one of the heaviest fighters of the war. Power came from a Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp two-row 18-cylinder radial engine producing 2,000 hp (1,500 kW) — the same engine that would power the prototype Vought XF4U-1 fighter to just over 400 mph (640 km/h) in October 1940—with the Double Wasp on the XP-47B turning a four-bladed Curtiss Electric constant-speed propeller of 146 in (3.7 m) in diameter. a 1943 Republic advertisement for the Thunderbolt in, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Republic_P-47_Thunderbolt&oldid=995560417, World War II fighter aircraft of the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, XP-47N flying over the Pacific during World War II, 40-3052 (serial number transferred from abortive XP-47A), R-2800-21 engine; modified metal-covered ailerons; trim tabs; sliding canopy; windshield defroster; 41-5938 converted to, R-2800-21 engine; strengthened tail surfaces, R-2800-21 engine; eight-inch extension added to fuselage forward of cockpit, R-2800-21 engine; belly shackle provided for bomb or fuel tank, R-2800-21 engine; new radio, instruments, and antenna; cockpit heater, R-2800-21 engine; identical to P-47C-2-RE, R-2800-21 engine; the first variant of the P-47 built at Republic's new factory in, R-2800-21 engine; nearly identical to P-47C-2-RE; additional cowl flaps and pilot armor, R-2800-21 engine; turbocharger shroud removed, R-2800-21 engine; identical to P-47D-2-RE, R-2800-21 engine; minor upgrade to D-2-RA, R-2800-21 engine; Evansville-built P-47D-5-RE, R-2800-21 engine; minor changes to electrical system, New R-2800-63 engine and changes to water injection system, R-2800-63 engine; contained all features introduced between the D-5 and D-10; water injection linked to throttle lever, R-2800-63 engine; identical to P-47D-11-RE, R-2800-63 engine; first model of P-47 with underwing pylons; stronger wings, R-2800-63 engine; 42-23297 and 42-23298 converted to, R-2800-63 engine; minor changes to fuel system, R-2800-63 engine; identical to P-47D-16-RE, New R-2800-59 engine; modified underwing pylons; 42-76614 fitted with increased fuel capacity and bubble canopy as, R-2800-59 engine; identical to P-47D-20-RE, R-2800-59 engine; changes to water injection system, R-2800-59 engine; Farmingdale factory switched to Hamilton Standard paddle-bladed propeller, R-2800-59 engine; Evansville factory switched to Curtiss Electric paddle-bladed propeller, R-2800-59 engine; bubble canopy; fuel capacity increased from 305 to 370 US gal (254 to 308 imp gal; 1,155 to 1,401 l), R-2800-59 engine; identical to P-47D-25-RE, R-2800-59 engine; improved water injection system, R-2800-59 engine; Farmingdale factory switched to Curtiss Electric paddle-bladed propeller; radio compass added, R-2800-59 engine; Identical to P-47D-28-RE, R-2800-59 engine; Dive brakes added under wings, R-2800-59 engine; Identical to P-47D-30-RE, R-2800-59 engine; Dorsal fin added to vertical stabilizer, P-47Gs were built by Curtiss and used for stateside training; the P-47G-CU was identical to the P-47C-RE, Identical to P-47D-10-RE; two converted to, Lightweight prototype; newly built airframe; reduced armament, High-speed variant using R-2800-57 engine designed to combat German jet and rocket-powered aircraft, Long-range variant designed for service in the Pacific Theater; R-2800-57 engine; larger wings with squared-off tips; increased fuel capacity; automation of some engine controls, R-2800-57 engine; "zero-length" stubs for 5-inch rockets; autopilot, R-2800-73 or -77 engine; new bomb rack and gunsight; autopilot not fitted to this model, R-2800-73 or -77 engine; backup fuel system added, R-2800-73 or -77 engine; strengthened wings and more automation of engine control systems, R-2800-73 or -77 engine; the final P-47Ns, and hence the final P-47s, were built by the Evansville factory, T9+LK was probably used for several reconnaissance missions over England just before the D-Day invasion.

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